Shortness of breath and difficulty breathing in fibromyalgia

Difficulty breathing (dyspnea) and respiratory problems are a common symptom in people with fibromyalgia; In fact, it reports that more than half of patients with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome develop a pattern of respiratory disorders.

Respiratory disorders generally cause a wide range of alarming symptoms, including mental confusion, dizziness, irritability, chest pain, numbness and more.

respiratory problems


difficulty breathing Some theories try to explain why patients with fibromyalgia feel breathless, for example:

– There is an anomaly in the brainstem, which could be responsible for dyspnea (this theory is not completely proven)

– Shortness of breath may be the result of a lack of regulation of thyroid hormone; This causes weakness of the respiratory muscles, including the diaphragm and phrenic nerves. What happens is that the nerves do not send signals strong enough to the diaphragm, which hinders their ability to contract normally.

-People may experience the sensation of shortness of breath shortness of breath.


Unknowingly, many people with fibromyalgia perform rapid, very small breaths with the small muscles of the chest, instead of breathing slowly and deeply with the large muscles of the abdomen.

These changes in breathing are due, in large part, to people’s fear of feeling more pain. Many of them suffer from pain in the chest area and avoid deep breathing because they are associated with an increase in this disease.

The pain leads to a model of shallow breathing, since only the upper part of the chest is enlarged and not the lower abdominal muscles.

These changes are very subtle and most people do not realize that their breathing is not synchronized.

What many people do not know is that short breaths can lead to other problems.

Deep abdominal breathing has a calming effect on the person, in addition to making the body receive more oxygen; Conversely, shallow breaths make the individual tense and anxious, which tends to aggravate the pain of fibromyalgia, not to mention that sleep disorders also get worse.


The reality is that people with good health and fibromyalgia tend to breathe incorrectly. Deep breathing should cause the stomach to expand and not contract, as most people do.

There are certain strategies to start breathing properly, which can help reduce difficulty breathing.

Oriental medicines teach that the flow of energy from the body “chi” can be blocked due to inadequate breathing. The practice of Qi Gong could be beneficial for patients with fibromyalgia with this type of problem, since they are techniques and exercises to improve breathing and “chi”.

If a person with fibromyalgia feels pain in the chest, which causes difficulty in breathing deeply, you can apply moist heat to the chest to relax the muscles. You can take a hot bath, go to the bathroom or sauna every day, which will help to improve this painful long-term tension..



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